Furniture Industry


The biggest producers of the world furniture market are China, USA and Germany. Due to its low labor cost, increased income and increasing domestic demand, China’s place is centered in furniture production and has more than 1/3 of the world production.

Germany and the USA have the leading position in raw material supply and the use of technology, and Italy has the leading role in design. According to the estimated data for 2018, 54% of the world's furniture production belongs to the Asia and Pacific Region. The EU, Norway, Switzerland and Iceland rank second with 24% share, and North America with 15% share.

The production in Russia and European countries outside the EU within which Turkey is also grouped, corresponds to 2% of total production.

According to the report published by the Center for Industrial Studies (CSIL) in 2019, worldwide furniture consumption was over $ 431 billion in 2017, and it is estimated that this figure would reach 458 billion dollars in 2018. The Asian market in particular has begun to play an increasingly important role alongside the large traditional markets. Per capita furniture expenditure is increasing especially in Asia Pacific and North America.

Chart 1– World Furniture Export

Source: Trademap

  • World furniture export in 2019 increased by 1.6% to $ 197.1 billion.
  • Major countries in export: China with 32.8% share, Germany with 6.9% share and Poland with 6.8% share.
  • Turkey ranks 12th with $ 3.1 billion  

Chart 2- World Furniture Import

 Source: Trademap

  • World furniture import in 2019 is $ 190.4 billion
  • Major countries: USA with 29.4% share, Germany with 8.1% share and the UK with 5.1% share.
  • Turkey ranks 46th with $ 548 million 


  • The history of the Turkish furniture industry goes back to the 19th century.
  • The industry, which started industrial production in the 1970s, has a production value of 33.5 billion TRY as of 2018.
  • The furniture sector, which used to be labor-intensive in the past, is today a capital-intensive and technology-intensive production area.
  • It has a share of 4% in Turkey's general manufacturing industry.
  • Although it does not have an important place in the sector, the number of operating companies with foreign capital is increasing, especially in kitchen furniture. The retail stores that IKEA opened and will open in Istanbul, Izmir, Bursa and Ankara also has brought dynamism to the sector.
  • Important regions in furniture production are İstanbul, Ankara, Bursa (İnegöl), Kayseri, İzmir and Adana in order of their ranks.
  • The two most important centers in the furniture industry in Istanbul are Masko located in the İkitelli Organized Industrial Zone and Modoko furniture industry site in Ümraniye.
  • Ankara is known with its Siteler district in furniture production. Siteler is a large organized industrial zone with over 10,000 companies operating on 5,000 decares area. However, these enterprises are labor-intensive, and the number of companies engaged in large-scale production is low.
  • Bursa-İnegöl Region, which has large forest areas and consequently the wood industry has developed rapidly, is a region with high development dynamics.
  • The emergence of the furniture industry in Kayseri started with sofa, armchair and bed. With technological developments and new investments, it has become an important furniture center with its companies producing in every branch of furniture.
  • Karabağlar and Kısıkköy in İzmir are the places where the sector is concentrated, and the city is in significant breakthroughs in export with its port and ease of transportation.
  • The sector's export In 2019 are $ 2.5 billion. (22% increase)
  • Iraq, Libya, Saudi Arabia, Germany, USA and Israel are the most important markets.

Chart 3- Turkey’s Furniture Export

Source: The Turkish Statistical Institute (TÜİK)

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